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Tree of Life

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QUILT INDEX RECORD

12-8-10120

Object label

Tree of Life
Bertha Voelker
Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan
1939
Collection of Michigan State University Museum acc.#2013:32.1

Essay about this quilt.

During the 1930s, The Detroit News was a major sponsor and supporter of quilting. By the decade’s early years, the newspaper was offering quilting patterns and was regularly featuring quilting in its Beauty in the Home column. In 1933, the column’s editor, Edith B. Crumb, launched a quilt club that readers could join and share letters about their quiltmaking activities. By 1934, the response to the quilting club was so strong that a new column, Quilt Club Corner, was launched. The column featured quilting news from club members, profiles of quilting clubs, and news of quilt shows. The paper also underwrote a quilting program on WWJ radio.

In late 1933, Edith Crumb announced that The Detroit News would be sponsoring a quilt show to be held November 17-19 at the Detroit Naval Armory. More than 1,500 quilts were entered and more than 10,000 visitors viewed the show. The shows continued into the 1940s. In 1940, this Tree of Life quilt made by Bertha Voelker won the Grand Prize at the show.

The Detroit News has retained very little archival material about the column. Today, we can piece together the history of the column through family stories and quilt column clippings. The MSU Museum is currently digitizing and adding to the Quilt Index materials related to this part of our state’s quilting history.

Bertha Voelker was a prolific quiltmaker and a leading member of the Detroit News Quilt Club Corner (1932-1940). She won many awards for her quilts and was frequently mentioned in the Detroit News. This quilt won the best of show award at the 1940 Detroit News Quilt Show. It was made for her grandson, Charles Voelker, who donated it to the MSU Museum.

Who documented this quilt?

Michigan Quilt Project; Michigan State University Museum Collection

Where are the records for this quilt housed?

Michigan State University Museum

Michigan Quilt Project Number

87.0426

If this quilt is owned by a museum, enter the accession number here

2013:32.1

What is the name of the quilt given by the owner?

Tree of Life

When was the form filled out?

10/12/1987

Who made the quilt top?

Voelker, Bertha

Who did the quilting?

Voelker, Bertha

If you are the quilt owner, how did you acquire this quilt?

Received as a gift

Country:

United States

Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made.

1930-1949

When was the quilt finished?

1939

This quilt was made to be used as a

Gift or presentation

Please explain other reasons why this quilt was made.

for grandson, Charles Voelker

Choose the gender of the quilt maker(s).

Female

Where does/did the quilt maker live (city)?

Detroit

Where does/did the quilt maker live (county)?

Wayne

Where does/did the quilt maker live (state)?

Michigan (MI)

What is the quilt maker's maiden name?

Zabst

What is the quilt maker's birthdate?

7/11/1875

If applicable, when did the quilt maker die?

10/10/1975

What is/was the last level of education completed by the quilt maker?

8th grade

What is/was the quilt maker's religious affiliation?

Prostestant

What is/was the occupation of the quilt maker?

Homemaker

What is the quilt maker's father's name?

Zabst, Frank

What is/was the ethnic or tribal background of the quilt maker's father?

German

What is the quilt maker's mother's name?

Miller, Catherine

What is/was the ethnic or tribal background of the quilt maker's mother?

German

What is/was the ethnic or tribal background of the quilt maker's spouse?

American

What is/was the occupation of the quilt maker's spouse?

Worked at Standard Oil

Did the quilt maker have children? If so, how many?

2

How many of the quilt maker's children were boys?

2

Has the quilt maker ever sold quilts?

no

Has the quilt maker ever taught quilt making?

no

Did/does the quilt maker belong to a quilting group? If yes, name the group(s).

Grand River Quilt Club

Where did/does the group meet?

Detroit, MI

What type of quilted object is this?

Finished quilt

How wide is the quilt?

79"

How long is the quilt?

90"

What is the shape of the quilt edge?

Straight

What is the shape of the corners?

Straight

Choose the best color scheme description for the quilt.

Multicolor

What is the best description of the quilt's condition?

Good/moderate use

If you chose Other, please describe the type of inscription here. This is not the field for the actual inscription, just the type of inscription.

Title

Enter the exact inscription here, including dates in the same form in which they appear on the quilt. Do not correct any spellings.

Tree of Life Chas J. Voelker (made specifically for him)

What is the date found on the quilt?

1939

How was the inscription made?

In the quilting

Describe the style of the borders.

8"

What types of fiber were used to make the quilt top?

Cotton

What piecing method was used to make the quilt top?

Hand Piecing

What applique method was used to make the quilt top?

Hand Applique

What fibers were used to make the quilt back?

Cotton

How many pieces of fabric were used to make the quilt back?

1

What is the width of the binding (front side only)?

less than a half inch

What is the fiber content of the quilt filling?

Cannot tell

How are the quilt layers held together?

Hand quilting

How many quilting stitches are there per inch? Count only the stitches on the top.

12

Choose another spot on the quilt. How many quilting stitches are there per inch? Count only the stitches on the top.

12

Describe the overall quilt design.

Grid/crosshatch

List other materials that exisit about the quilt. This may include oral history, diaries, photos of the maker, templates, etc.

Prizes, awards, ribbons, etc.

List publications where this quilt or maker was featured.

Photos of quilter; Clippings or photocopies

Ownership of this quilt is:

Public- Michigan State University Museum

Quilt owner's name:

Michigan State University Museum

Quilt owner's city:

East Lansing

Quilt owner's county:

Ingham

Quilt owner's state.

Michigan (MI)

Quilt owner's country:

United States

How did the owner acquire this quilt?

Gift

Tell the story of how the quilt was obtained.

This quilt was donated to the MSU Museum by Charles Voelker. His grandmother Bertha, made this quilt as a gift for him.

Describe anything about the history of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

Historic Museum Pattern Is Copied by Quilter by Edith B. Crumb The favorite pasttime of Mrs. Charles Voelker, 12055 Harwell avenue, is making quilts from difficult patterns. Her latest achievement in this line, a Tree of Life quilt, is shown in the picture. Mrs. Voelker first got the idea from a news paper clipping showing a seventeenth century woven bedcover which hangs in the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Mrs. Jane Howie, Walled Lake, took the clipping and enlarged it to a size suitable for a large quilt. Mrs Howie lkes to figure out difficult patterns as well as Mrs. Voelker likes to make them into a quilt, so they are a good team. It took Mrs. Voelker 11 months to complete this quilt. A study of the design will give you some idea of how much planning had to be done for the color scheme. MANY COLORS The trunk is brown, the grass medium green and the small plants several shades and tints of green. The flowers in the centers of the border are of varied shades and violets. Almost every other color imaginable has been included in the tree. The background of this quilt is white and the binding green. The field of the center panel is quilted in a diamond lattice, outside of which is a narrow conventional flower, quilted. The border is in chevron striped quilting. Mrs. Voelker has put the name of the pattern and the name of her grandson Charles Joseph Voelker, who is to inherit the quilt, in white quilting. Photo caption: This quilt which is known as the Tree of Life pattern is a very difficult one to make. It was enlarged by Mrs. Jane Howie from a small newspaper clipping and the quilt was made by Mrs. Charles Voelker. Both have been members of the Quilt Club for several years. Bertha Voelker received ribbons and awards for the following shows as listed. I, her grandson's (Charles Voelker) wife now have these ribbons: Honorable Mention - Detroit News Quilt Club - 1935 First Premium Domestic and Applied Arts - Mich. State Fair 1936 Special Premium Finished Quilt Unspecified Pattern Detroit News Quilt Show - 1938 Honorable Mention - Detroit News Show - 1938 Honorable Mention - Detroit News Show - 1940

Access and copyright information:

Restricted

What parts of the quilt making process did the quilt maker do?

Made entire quilt

Describe any favorite patterns, tools, etc. used by the quilt maker.

Applique

Who is the copyright holder?

Michigan State University Museum

Cite this Quilt

Voelker, Berth. Tree of Life. 1939. From Michigan State University Museum, Michigan Quilt Project; Michigan State University Museum Collection. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=12-8-10120. Accessed: 12/03/21

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