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Hungarian Couple Block; Hungarian Couple (George); Hungarian Harvest Festival

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QUILT INDEX RECORD

18-14-104

ESSAY:

This applique block of the Hungarian farm couple on the Hungarian Harvest Festival quilt was given to younger brother George Mihalovits. Mary made another similar block and inscribed it for her daughter Elsie. That block survives and was inherited by Elsie’s daughter Linda. These two applique blocks may have been trial pieces for the final quilt (#014), a quilt for which Gasperik created her own unique centerpiece. Gasperik also created a trial block of one of the peasant girls. She sent the block to Edith B. Crumb of The Detroit News, the director of its Quilt Club Corner and annual quilt show. That block is pictured and described in Edith's Detroit News, October 22, 1938 quilt column (see page 11). It is not known what became of that block.

Where are the records for this quilt housed?

Mary Gasperik Legacy Project

Who documented this quilt?

Mary Gasperik Private Collection

CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTIONAL INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERS: Enter the main control number for this item you are entering.

095

TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Quilt blocks or pieces

OTHER TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: If you chose Other, please describe the object being documented here.

Embroidered block

QUILT'S TITLE, IF IT HAS ONE: Many quilts have no title, but contemporary quilters often give a name to their quilts.

Hungarian Couple Block

OWNER'S NAME FOR QUILT'S PATTERN: Enter the name given to the quilt by the owner. This can be the name the family used to refer to the quilt as it passed through different generations, e.g. "Aunt Susie's quilt" or a pattern name that the owner used.

Hungarian Couple (George)

ALTERNATE NAME(S) FOR QUILT'S PATTERN IN COMMON USE: This is the name of the quilt pattern that it is commonly used among quilt makers and historians. It may be different in different regions of the country.

Hungarian Harvest Festival

SHAPE OF EDGE: Choose the best description for the edges of the quilt.

Straight

SHAPE OF CORNERS: Choose the best description for the corners of the quilt.

Straight

OVERALL CONDITION: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Unknown/Not Rated

TIME PERIOD: Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made. The date does not have to appear on the quilt to enter it in this field. This can be your best guess based on family stories or your own knowledge of quilts.

1930-1949

DATE FINISHED: Enter the date the quilt was finished.

1930s late

FAMILY/OWNER'S DATE FOR QUILT: If there are family stories that indicate a date when the quilt was made, enter that date.

late 1930s

OTHER DATE ESTIMATION BY WHOM: Enter the name and/or title of the person who estimated the quilt's date for field 23d.

Merikay Waldvogel

FURTHER INFORMATION CONCERNING DATE(S): If you know anything else about the date the quilt was made, please tell the story.

If this was, as is likely, a preliminary study for making quilt #014 (Hungarian Girls, which was exhibited at the May 1940 Detroit News quilt show), then it was probably made in 1939.

LAYOUT FORMAT: Choose the best description for the layout (or set) of the quilt.

Pictorial

SUBJECT OF QUILT, IF IT HAS ONE: Some quilts are made with a specific intent (e.g. Commemoration of September 11, the 100th anniversary of a town, or an AIDS panel). Enter the subject of the quilt.

Hungarian Farm Couple

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fiber that are used to make the quilt top.

Cotton

FABRIC PATTERNS, STYLES, MOTIFS, OR PRINT CATEGORIES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of prints that are used to make the quilt top.

Print; Solid/plain

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: APPLIQUE TECHNIQUES: Choose the applique method used to construct the quilt.

Hand Applique

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: EMBELLISHMENT TECHNIQUES: Choose the embellishment technique used to make the quilt.

Embroidery

MATERIALS USED IN QUILT BINDING: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt binding.

Cotton

MATERIAL USED FOR QUILT BATTING OR FILLING: Choose the fiber content that best describes the material used to fill the quilt.

No filling

QUILTING TECHNIQUES USED: Choose the technique that best describes the way the quilt layers are held together.

Not quilted

ANY OTHER FEATURES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S APPEARANCE, MATERIALS, OR CONSTRUCTION: Describe anything about the physical appearance of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

Salser believes these two figures were created by Gasperik from illustrations in a book (by Kathleen Mann) of European peasant costume. The body of the woman is a duplicate of the figures of other Hungarian girls, but Gasperik needed to create a different head for this figure, because she represents a wife. Gasperik's head does not sit quite perfectly on the figure's body. The proportions of the man's figure are more successfully rendered. More detailed information (and speculation) regarding Gasperik's design can be found under quilt #014. It is thought that the quilt given to her brother George (surviving only as a photograph), represents the first study, because it appears to be less detailed than this. The centerpiece of the actual quilt (#014) is likely to be Gasperik's final design.

QUILT TOP MADE BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who made the quilt top.

Gasperik, Mary

QUILTED BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who quilted the top.

Gasperik, Mary

CITY: Enter the name of the city where the quilt was made.

Chicago

COUNTY: Enter the name of the county where the quilt was made.

Cook County

STATE: Enter the name of the state where the quilt was made.

Illinois (IL)

COUNTRY: Enter the name of the country where the quilt was made.

United States

HOW WAS QUILT ACQUIRED BY OWNER: Choose the best description for how the owner acquired the quilt.

Gift

ANY ADDITIONAL STORIES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S OWNERSHIP OR HISTORY: Describe anything about the history of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

It is not known when Gasperik gave the framed block to her younger brother George Mihalovits and his wife Laura. It was apparently something of a joke in George's family that Mary had promised them a quilt - which was never in fact given. George's youngest daughter, Mary Ann Walinski, told Susan Salser about this in 1992, at the time of the Gasperik quilt show in Ravenswood, Livermore. California. As she looked at those 60+ Gasperik quilts hanging in this show, Mary Ann may well have been wondering which one was NOT the promised gift from her Aunt Mary! She explained that the framed Hungarian Couple, seen in this photograph on the wall behind George's sofa, ultimately ended up in the basement of their Chicago home, where it rotted and was discarded.

QUILTMAKER'S REASONS FOR MAKING THE QUILT: If the quilt was made for a specific purpose, choose the reason from the list.

Other

PLEASE EXPLAIN OTHER OCCASION, IF APPLICABLE: If you chose Other, please explain the occasion.

This is probably a study Gasperik made in preparation for the final appearance of the Hungarian Couple on quilt #014.

QUILT WAS ORIGINALLY DESIGNED TO BE USED AS: Choose how the quilt was originally used.

Other

OTHER PREVIOUS USE(S) OF QUILT: If the quilt was used for something other than what it is used for now, please describe. Example: Revolutionary War era ladies wore quilted skirts that were sometimes remade into quilts.

Wall hanging in home of Gasperik's younger brother George Mihalovits

OTHER PRESENT USE(S) OF QUILT: If you chose Other, please explain the quilt's present use.

Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

SOURCE OF QUILT'S MATERIALS: Choose how the quilt maker acquired the fabric for this quilt.

Unknown

QUILT TOP PATTERN SOURCE: Choose where the quilt maker found the pattern for this quilt.

Original to maker

OTHER TOP PATTERN SOURCE(S): If you chose Other, please explain where the pattern was found.

Source may be a peasant costume book.

COMMERCIAL SOURCE NAME(S): If you know the commercial name of the pattern used for this quilt, please enter it. This may include books, magazines, newsletters, pattern companies, computer software programs, and kits.

Peasant Costume in Europe-Book 1, (1937) by Kathleen Mann.

ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES OR STORIES ABOUT THE QUILT'S DESIGN OR MATERIALS SOURCE: Describe anything about the design of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

For the central figures, Peasant Costume in Europe, Book 1, (1937) illustrated by Kathleen Mann may be the design source. Gasperik's daughter Elsie, who encouraged her to develop her own design ideas, gave her the book as a gift.

OTHER RELATED ITEMS: List other materials that exist about this quilt like oral histories, wills, diaries, or patterns.

Original photo (source of #096 and #096a) in Karen Finn, private collection.
A second b/w photograph taken at the same time and place shows Mary Gasperik and her two brothers, George and Alex Mihalovits (he changed his family name to Michael Lavitte) sitting on that same sofa, underneath the framed Hungarian couple hanging on the wall behind the sofa at George's house. This second photograph is part of the shared Gasperik family archive.

AVAILABLE SOURCES FOR QUILTMAKER: List other source materials about this quiltmaker such as photos, oral histories, book or newspaper publications, fame for some other reason or event.

Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair, (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993)102-103.

Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True", Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

OWNERSHIP OF THIS QUILT IS:

Private

QUILT OWNER'S COUNTRY:

United States

AUTHOR/INTERVIEWEE'S RELATION TO THE QUILT:

Author/researcher; Blood relative of quiltmaker

OTHER RELATIONSHIP TO SOURCE: If you chose Other, for the relationship to the source, describe the relationship here.

Grand-daughter

OTHER INFORMATION ON SOURCE PERSON TO QUILT:

Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

QUILTMAKER'S MAIDEN NAME:

Mihalovits, Maria

QUILTMAKER'S GENDER:

Female

QUILTMAKER'S BIRTH DATE:

01/25/1888

DEATH DATE OF THE QUILTMAKER, IF APPLICABLE:

05/25/1969

QUILTMAKER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

QUILTMAKER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

Elementary School

QUILTMAKER'S COUNTRY OF BIRTH:

Hungary

IN WHICH KIND OF ENVIRONMENT DID THE QUILTMAKER GROW UP?

Rural

CITY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Chicago

COUNTY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Cook

STATE WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Illinois (IL)

COUNTRY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

United States

QUILTMAKER'S FATHER'S NAME:

Mihalovits, Istvan

FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE:

Hungary

FATHER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

QUILTMAKER'S MOTHER'S NAME:

Mihalovits, Vidoszava

MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE:

Hungary

MOTHER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

SPOUSE'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

SPOUSE'S OCCUPATION:

Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher

NUMBER OF CHILDREN:

3

NUMBER OF FEMALE CHILDREN:

1 (Elsie 1909-1988)

NUMBER OF MALE CHILDREN:

2 (Elmer and Stephen)

HOW DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT?

From guild or club member; Self-Taught

WHEN DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT?

Age 40-49

WHY DOES/DID THE QUILTMAKER QUILT:

Pleasure; Other

OTHER, WHY THE QUILTMAKER QUILTS:

Mary Gasperik made quilts because it was her life passion and greatest talent. As opportunities arose, she entered contests and exhibited them publicly. She also made special quilts for her family.

NAME OF QUILTING GROUP: If the quilt maker belonged to a group, enter the name of the group.

Tuley Park Quilt Club and Detroit News Quilt Club

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF QUILTS MADE BY THIS QUILTER:

more than 50

DID THE QUILTMAKER SELL QUILTS?

no

DOES/DID QUILTMAKER TEACH QUILTING: Is the quilt maker also a quilt teacher?

no

PHOTO CREDIT:

unknown, family photo

ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT IS:

Restricted

HOLDER OF COPYRIGHT:

Hank Finn

Details

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Cite this Quilt

Gasperik, Mar. Hungarian Couple Block. 1930s late. From Mary Gasperik Legacy Project, Mary Gasperik Private Collection. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=18-14-104. Accessed: 12/04/21

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