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Philadelphia Pavements (Doris); Philadelphia Pavements #1; Trip Around the World

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QUILT INDEX RECORD

18-14-80

DESCRIPTION:

This is one of a pair of postage-stamp pieced cotton quilts Gasperik made in the Trip Around the World pattern. See also #037. Although it was pieced in the 1930s by Mary Gasperik, it was quilted by Amish quilters in Pennsylvania in 1971 after her death.

ESSAY:

Pieced patterns were not Mary Gasperik's favorite quilt style, but she might have been inspired when she saw the popularity of this pattern at Detroit News shows she attended in the 1930s. When Gasperik attended her first Detroit Quilt show, in October 1935, a quilt made by Mrs. Cordelia Reed received much acclaim and attention. Mrs. Reed had pieced a Trip Around the World quilt as blocks rather than as a single medallion. A photograph of that quilt, showing Mrs. Reed putting the finishing touches on its quilting, was published in the September 20 Detroit News, (page 41). At the Detroit News quilt show a month later there was so much discussion of the Reed quilt that its maker sent the following letter to The Detroit News, published in the December 21, 1935 newspaper on page 11. “MY DEAR MISS CRUMB AND ALL OF THE QUILT CLUB MEMBERS: I thought I would write as I feel I am quite far away from all of you. I am sure you will remember me. I am the white-haired old lady that stood by a quilt that had many thousand pieces in it and heard what many folks said about the person that would piece such a quilt. One would wonder who would do it and another would say that it was made by someone who has nothing else to do and another would say that someone who was crippled had pieced that one. Now I am telling you, dear ones, that I am not crippled and I do a lot of other work besides making quilts. Now I am piecing another one. I have missed my paper since I have been down here and am wondering how L.D. and Upsy are coming on. I am on top of Cain Creek Mountain and do not hear the program, but will be back home by Christmas. Mrs. Cordelia Reed, 23424 Easterling Ave., Hazel Park, Mich.” Edith Crumb’s published reply reads, in part, “…I know that she enjoyed making her quilt and that she is having lots of fun making another one. We had her picture in the paper on September 20, showing her taking a few finishing stitches on her Trip Around the World Quilt. It was made of very little blocks and arranged so that there were many trips in it instead of one large pattern.”

That is also the way Gasperik chose to piece her own two versions of Trip Around the World (#005 and #037). Salser believes this newspaper column explains why Gasperik designed her two Trip Around the World quilts as mini blocks: she used Mrs. Reed’s piecing idea because it had received attention and acclaim at the quilt show. Making a quilt of thousands of tiny square pieces was, Gasperik saw, much admired. It is no surprise that she would make her own version of this popular pattern. Although die-cut Trip Around the World quilt kits were offered by a number of needlework supply and pattern companies at this time, Gasperik appears to have selected, cut, and arranged her own fabric choices. The solid colors and surrounding border of color-coordinated print fabric in the center of each block are not unusual choices. But the next border, using a black on white print is a very unusual choice, as are the subsequent borders of color print on white, bright yellow print and solid green. These three borders are not color coordinated with the solid orange, yellow, green, blue, pink and lavender of the blocks' centers. Although Gasperik may have borrowed from the Reed quilt the idea to piece mini-blocks, she combined and arranged the border colors in her Trip Around the World in an original and striking way.

Where are the records for this quilt housed?

Mary Gasperik Legacy Project

Who documented this quilt?

Mary Gasperik Private Collection

CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTIONAL INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERS: Enter the main control number for this item you are entering.

005

TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Finished quilt

QUILT'S TITLE, IF IT HAS ONE: Many quilts have no title, but contemporary quilters often give a name to their quilts.

Philadelphia Pavements (Doris)

OWNER'S NAME FOR QUILT'S PATTERN: Enter the name given to the quilt by the owner. This can be the name the family used to refer to the quilt as it passed through different generations, e.g. "Aunt Susie's quilt" or a pattern name that the owner used.

Philadelphia Pavements #1

ALTERNATE NAME(S) FOR QUILT'S PATTERN IN COMMON USE: This is the name of the quilt pattern that it is commonly used among quilt makers and historians. It may be different in different regions of the country.

Trip Around the World

OVERALL WIDTH: Enter how wide the quilt is.

76 inches

OVERALL LENGTH: Enter how long the quilt is.

89 inches

SHAPE OF EDGE: Choose the best description for the edges of the quilt.

Straight

SHAPE OF CORNERS: Choose the best description for the corners of the quilt.

Straight

PREDOMINANT COLOR(S): Enter all colors that are found in the quilt.

Blue or Navy; Gold; Green; Lavender; Orange; Pink; White

OVERALL COLOR SCHEME: Choose the best color scheme description for the quilt being documented.

Multicolor

OVERALL CONDITION: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Excellent/like new

TIME PERIOD: Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made. The date does not have to appear on the quilt to enter it in this field. This can be your best guess based on family stories or your own knowledge of quilts.

1930-1949

DATE BEGUN: Enter the date the quilt was started.

1933

DATE FINISHED: Enter the date the quilt was finished.

1971

OTHER EXTERNAL OR PROFESSIONAL DATE ESTIMATION: If the date was estimated by an antique dealer, quilt historian or appraiser, enter that date.

1935

OTHER DATE ESTIMATION BY WHOM: Enter the name and/or title of the person who estimated the quilt's date for field 23d.

Merikay Waldvogel

FURTHER INFORMATION CONCERNING DATE(S): If you know anything else about the date the quilt was made, please tell the story.

Based on quilt fabrics and pattern--typical 1930s.

LAYOUT FORMAT: Choose the best description for the layout (or set) of the quilt.

Block pattern

NUMBER OF QUILT BLOCKS: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Some blocks are harder to count than others (e.g. Storms at Sea, Double Wedding Ring). If needed, describe how the blocks were counted or if there are half blocks/corner blocks

42

ARRANGEMENT OF QUILT BLOCKS: BLOCK ORIENTATION: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Choose the best description for how the quilt blocks appear in the quilt.

Straight

BLOCK STYLE: Some patterns use the same shape template throughout the quilt (i.e. Charm quilts, Grandmother Flower Garden, Brick wall, Lone Star). If this applies to your quilt, choose the best description.

Squares

NUMBER OF BORDERS: Borders are the strips of fabric that are added after the blocks (and sashings) are put together. They appear on the outside edges of the quilt. Quilts often have multiple borders. Enter the number of borders on the quilt.

One

BORDER DESCRIPTION: Describe the style of the borders (i.e. pieced, appliqued, stenciled) and the width of each border, from the inside to the outside.

One gold border on all four sides.

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fiber that are used to make the quilt top.

Cotton

FABRIC PATTERNS, STYLES, MOTIFS, OR PRINT CATEGORIES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of prints that are used to make the quilt top.

Print; Solid/plain

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: PIECING TECHNIQUES: Choose the piecing method used to make the quilt.

Hand Piecing

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT BACK: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt back.

Cotton or polyester blend

COLOR OF BACKING: Enter all colors that are found in the quilt backing.

Gold

DESCRIPTION OF BACK: Choose the best description for the back of the quilt.

Solid/plain

MATERIALS USED IN QUILT BINDING: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt binding.

Cotton or polyester blend

FABRIC STRUCTURE USED IN BINDING: Choose the fabric structure used to make the quilt binding.

Plain weave

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN BINDING: Choose the construction technique used to make the quilt binding.

Back turned to front

WIDTH OF QUILT BINDING: Choose the width (in inches) of the binding of the quilt. Measure from the front side only.

half inch - one inch

MATERIAL USED FOR QUILT BATTING OR FILLING: Choose the fiber content that best describes the material used to fill the quilt.

Polyester

QUILTING TECHNIQUES USED: Choose the technique that best describes the way the quilt layers are held together.

Hand quilting

THREAD COLOR: Enter the color(s) of thread used to hold the quilt layers together.

gold

NUMBER OF QUILTING STITCHES PER INCH (PLACE 1): Count only the stitches that are visible on the top and measure in one place on the quilt. Enter the measurement.

7

NUMBER OF QUILTING STITCHES PER INCH (PLACE 2): Count only the stitches that are visible on the top and measure in a different place on the quilt. Enter the measurement.

8

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: MOTIFS/OVERALL PATTERNS: Choose the overall quilt design found on the quilt top.

Patches outlined/in the ditch

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: DECORATIVE PATTERNS: Choose the decorative quilt design found on the quilt top.

Cables

PLEASE DESCRIBE OTHER QUILTING DESIGNS USED: Describe any other quilting designs that appear on the quilt.

The pieced top is appliqued to the gold border. Note: The binding, backing and quiltING were not done by Gasperik but by residents of the E. M. Home in Souderton PA in 1971-2, several years after Gasperik died. This (and quilt #037 - its twin) are the only surviving Gasperik quilts which were NOT quilted by their maker. Gasperik's daughter Elsie thought this the best way to preserve the two completed tops.

ANY OTHER FEATURES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S APPEARANCE, MATERIALS, OR CONSTRUCTION: Describe anything about the physical appearance of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

When placed side by side with Philadelphia Pavements #2, the opposing directions of the diagonal sweep of each quilt creates a chevron design.

Note: the quilt's binding, backing and quiltING were not done by Gasperik, but by outside quilters after her death.

QUILT TOP MADE BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who made the quilt top.

Gasperik, Mary

QUILTED BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who quilted the top.

Amish, Quilters

CITY: Enter the name of the city where the quilt was made.

Chicago

COUNTY: Enter the name of the county where the quilt was made.

Cook County

STATE: Enter the name of the state where the quilt was made.

Illinois (IL)

COUNTRY: Enter the name of the country where the quilt was made.

United States

HOW WAS QUILT ACQUIRED BY OWNER: Choose the best description for how the owner acquired the quilt.

Inheritance

DETAILS ON HOW THE QUILT WAS ACQUIRED:

Selected by Doris Gasperik during a division of Gasperik quilts after Mary died.

ANY ADDITIONAL STORIES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S OWNERSHIP OR HISTORY: Describe anything about the history of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

Maker's daughter, Elsie Krueger, arranged to have two Philadelphia Pavements quilt tops made by her mother quilted after Gasperik's death. Elsie decided to do this because her mother's piecing was complete, and the quilting was likely to be simple and straightforward. Selected by daughter Elsie during a division of quilts after Gasperik died in 1969 and after the Pennsylvania quilters completed the two tops. This probably happened in 1972. Elsie's sister-in-law Doris Gasperik selected the second Pennsylvania-completed Gasperik quilt.

QUILTMAKER'S REASONS FOR MAKING THE QUILT: If the quilt was made for a specific purpose, choose the reason from the list.

Home decoration

QUILT WAS ORIGINALLY DESIGNED TO BE USED AS: Choose how the quilt was originally used.

Bedding, daily use

QUILT IS PRESENTLY USED AS: Choose how the quilt is being used by the present owner.

Keepsake/memento

OTHER PRESENT USE(S) OF QUILT: If you chose Other, please explain the quilt's present use.

Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

SOURCE OF QUILT'S MATERIALS: Choose how the quilt maker acquired the fabric for this quilt.

Purchased new

QUILT TOP PATTERN SOURCE: Choose where the quilt maker found the pattern for this quilt.

Commercial/Published source: Pattern; Commercial/Published source: Kit

QUILTING DESIGN PATTERN SOURCE: Choose where the quilt maker found the pattern for the quilting design used in this quilt.

Unknown

ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES OR STORIES ABOUT THE QUILT'S DESIGN OR MATERIALS SOURCE: Describe anything about the design of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

Trip Around the World (also known as Postage Stamp) quilts were popular at the time. She might have been inspired by a quilt she saw possibly at the Detroit News quilt show.

EXHIBITIONS: List all known exhibits where this quilt has been displayed.

Note: this quilt was not exhibited in The Quilts of Mary Gasperik at the Ravenswood Historic Site, Livermore, California March 14-15, 1992.

CONTESTS ENTERED: List contest(s) entered.

Even though this quilt remained a quilt top in Gasperik's lifetime, it could have been entered in a Detroit show. The show's director, Edith B. Crumb, encouraged Detroit Quilt Club Corner members to enter quilt TOPS in its shows. In theory, #037 and its mate #005 might have hung in the very first such contest Gasperik participated in (October 1935), but it is more likely they would have been exhibited during Gasperik's second visit to Detroit (April 1937).

OTHER RELATED ITEMS: List other materials that exist about this quilt like oral histories, wills, diaries, or patterns.

Sept. 28, 1971 letter and receipt from Mrs. Lizzie Yothers regarding Elsie Gasperik Krueger hiring Souderton, PA, E.M. Home quilters to finish and quilt the Gasperik top. For one top the charge was $75 (Binding $6, Lining $11, Dacron $8 and quilting $50). The second Philadelphia Pavements top was completed by the same quilting group later in 1971 (or early in 1972).

The Detroit News, December 12, 1935, p. 12 letter to Quilt Club Corner from Mrs. Cordelia Reed, regarding the Trip Around the World quilt she exhibited at the October quilt show, and Edith B. Crumb's reply to that letter.

AVAILABLE SOURCES FOR QUILTMAKER: List other source materials about this quiltmaker such as photos, oral histories, book or newspaper publications, fame for some other reason or event.

Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair, (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993)102-103.

Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True", Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

OWNERSHIP OF THIS QUILT IS:

Private

NAME OF QUILT OWNER:

Elmer Gasperik heirs - Kathy Jacob contact

QUILT OWNER'S COUNTRY:

United States

AUTHOR/INTERVIEWEE'S RELATION TO THE QUILT:

Author/researcher; Blood relative of quiltmaker

OTHER RELATIONSHIP TO SOURCE: If you chose Other, for the relationship to the source, describe the relationship here.

Grand-daughter

OTHER INFORMATION ON SOURCE PERSON TO QUILT:

Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

QUILTMAKER'S MAIDEN NAME:

Mihalovits, Maria

QUILTMAKER'S GENDER:

Female

QUILTMAKER'S BIRTH DATE:

01/25/1888

DEATH DATE OF THE QUILTMAKER, IF APPLICABLE:

05/25/1969

QUILTMAKER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

QUILTMAKER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

Elementary School

QUILTMAKER'S COUNTRY OF BIRTH:

Hungary

IN WHICH KIND OF ENVIRONMENT DID THE QUILTMAKER GROW UP?

Rural

CITY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Chicago

COUNTY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Cook

STATE WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Illinois (IL)

COUNTRY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

United States

QUILTMAKER'S FATHER'S NAME:

Mihalovits, Istvan

FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE:

Hungary

FATHER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

QUILTMAKER'S MOTHER'S NAME:

Mihalovits, Vidoszava

MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE:

Hungary

MOTHER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

SPOUSE'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

SPOUSE'S OCCUPATION:

Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher

NUMBER OF CHILDREN:

3

NUMBER OF FEMALE CHILDREN:

1 (Elsie 1909-1988)

NUMBER OF MALE CHILDREN:

2 (Elmer and Stephen)

HOW DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT?

From guild or club member; Self-Taught

WHEN DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT?

Age 40-49

WHY DOES/DID THE QUILTMAKER QUILT:

Pleasure; Other

OTHER, WHY THE QUILTMAKER QUILTS:

Mary Gasperik made quilts because it was her life passion and greatest talent. As opportunities arose, she entered contests and exhibited them publicly. She also made special quilts for her family.

NAME OF QUILTING GROUP: If the quilt maker belonged to a group, enter the name of the group.

Tuley Park Quilt Club and Detroit News Quilt Club

LOCATION OF GROUP:

Chicago IL and Detroit MI

SPECIALIZED ACTIVITIES/EVENTS OF QUILTING GROUP: Enter activities the group participated in.

Chicago group met to quilt and held periodic quilt shows; Detroit group held national exhibits and contests.

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF QUILTS MADE BY THIS QUILTER:

more than 50

DID THE QUILTMAKER SELL QUILTS?

no

DOES/DID QUILTMAKER TEACH QUILTING: Is the quilt maker also a quilt teacher?

no

PHOTO CREDIT:

Don Gonzalez

ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT IS:

Restricted

HOLDER OF COPYRIGHT:

Hank Finn

Cite this Quilt

Gasperik, Mar. Philadelphia Pavements (Doris). 1971. From Mary Gasperik Legacy Project, Mary Gasperik Private Collection. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=18-14-80. Accessed: 12/09/21

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