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Antique Ohio Star Signature Quilt; Ohio Star (main); Letter X or Flying X
CITE THIS QUILT
QUILT INDEX RECORD
Where are the records for this quilt housed?
Signature Quilt Pilot Project
CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTION'S COLLECTION OR PROJECT NAME: Enter the name of the collection or project from your contributing institution. For example, "Michigan Quilt Project" or "MSU Museum Permanent Collection".
Signature Quilt Project Public Submission
TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.
QUILT'S TITLE, IF IT HAS ONE: Enter the name given to the quilt by the maker. Many quilts have no title, but contemporary quilters often give a name to their quilts. If the quilt has no title, leave this field blank.
Antique Ohio Star Signature Quilt
ALTERNATE NAME(S) FOR THE QUILT'S PATTERN IN COMMON USE: This is the name of the quilt pattern that it is commonly used among quilt makers and historians. It may be different in different regions of the country.
Ohio Star (main); Letter X or Flying X
BRACKMAN NUMBER: If you have used Barbara Brackman's Encyclopedia of Pieced Patterns or Applique to identify the pattern, enter the number assigned by Brackman here.
OVERALL WIDTH: Enter how wide the quilt is. Specify units of measure (mm or in or inches)
OVERALL LENGTH: Enter how long the quilt is. Specify unit of measure (mm or in or inches).
PREDOMINANT COLOR(S): CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: Enter all colors that are found in the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.
Blue or Navy; Red; White
TYPE(S) OF INSCRIPTION: Choose all the options that are found on the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.
Initials; Multiple Names; Place; Signature
OTHER TYPE(S) OF INSCRIPTION: If you chose Other, please describe the type of inscription here. This is not the field for the actual inscription, just the type of inscription.
greetings (e.g. "yours truly"); offices or positions of signers
CONTENT OF INSCRIPTION: Enter the exact inscription here, including dates in the same form in which they appear on the quilt. Do not correct any spellings. If you are unsure of a letter or name, place a (?) to indicate uncertainty.
The quilt contains the inked signatures of 70 prominent Americans of the late 19th Century. (Note: there are no signatures in the outer rows and columns of the 6 x 6 blocks portion of the quilt; there are six signatures in the white linen portion of the border) Column 2/Block 2: Long, John D.; Rice, Alexander H.; Bullock, Alex. H. Worcester, Mass.; Yours truly, Claflin, William Column 2/Block 3: Boutwell, George S. Nov. 1880; Washburne, E.B.; Banks, N.P.; Talbot, Thomas Column 2/Block 4: Hale, Edward E.; Horton, Everett A.; Bortal, C.A.; Mims, A.A. Column 2/Block 5: Schofield, J.M. Maj, Gnrl U.S.A.; Cudworth, C.; Douglass, Fred.; Kimball, John W. Column 3/Block 2: Grant, U. S.; Grant, Julia D.; Colfax, Schuyler; Hamlin, Hannibal Column 3/Block 3: Garfield, J.A. Mentor, O. Nov. 16, 1880; Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph Nov. 16, 1880; Blaine, J.G.; Garfield, Eliza Ballou Column 3/Block 4: Windon, William; James, T. L.; Robertson, W.H. Collector Port of New York; (?) Column 3/Block 5: Livermore, Mary A. Melrose, Mass.; Dahlgren, Madelinn Vinton; Alcott, Amos Bronson; Alcott, L.M. Column 4/Block 2: Hayes, R.B.; Hayes, Lucy; Wheeler, W.A. Dec. 12, 1880; Edmunds, George F. Column 4/Block 3: Arthur, C.A.; Logan, John A. Ills.; (?); Beck, Ja. B. Lexington, Ky. Column 4/Block 4: Longfellow, Henry W.; Whittier, John G.; Very truly, Childs, Geo. W. 1881; Holmes, Oliver Wendell Column 4/Block 5: Adams, Charles Francis; Gougre (?), John B.; Bancroft, Geo.; Shillaber, B.P. Column 5/Block 2: Sherman, W.T. General; Sheridan, P.H. Lient General U.S.A.; Hancock, Winfield Scott; Sargent, Horace Binney Column 5/Block 3: Merrill, George Sargent Commander in Chief GAR 1881; Creasy, Geo. W. Comd Dep Maj GAR; B(?), Capt J.G. Lynn, Mass.; Joslin, Geo. C. Column 5/Block 4: (?); Hartranft, J.F.; Very truly, (?), Natt. Governor; Beecher, Henry Ward 1880 Column 5/Block 5: Devens, Chas. Atty Gen; D(?), H.L. Mass.; Hale, Eugene; Hoar, Geo. F. Borders: Redfield, L.H.; Greenwood, Edna H.; Watkins, Malcolm; Wo (?), Robert A. 99 yrs; Poore, Benj. Perley; Higginson, Thos. Wentworth
DATE OF INSCRIPTION: Enter the date found on the quilt. If there is more than one date, enter others in field 20 (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965)
METHOD OF INSCRIPTION: Choose the method used to inscribe the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.
LOCATION OF INSCRIPTION: Enter where the inscription was found on the quilt.
on block; on border
TIME PERIOD: Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made. The date does not have to appear on the quilt to enter it in this field. This can be your best guess based on family stories or your own knowledge of quilts.
OTHER EXTERNAL OR PROFESSIONAL DATE ESTIMATION: If the date was estimated by an antique dealer, quilt historian or appraiser, enter that date (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965).
FURTHER INFORMATION CONCERNING DATE(S): If you know anything else about the date the quilt was made, please tell the story.
Some of the signatures are dated 1880, 1881
LAYOUT FORMAT: Choose the best description for the layout (or set) of the quilt.
FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fiber that are used to make the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.
FABRIC PATTERNS, STYLES, MOTIFS, OR PRINT CATEGORIES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of prints that are used to make the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.
CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: PIECING TECHNIQUES: Choose the piecing method used to make the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if no piecing appears on the quilt.
ANY OTHER FEATURES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S APPEARANCE, MATERIALS OR CONSTRUCTION: Describe anything about the physical appearance of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.
This Ohio Star signature quilt, dated 1880 and 1881, was made by Sarah F. Gallup (Mrs. James B.) of Leominster, Massachusetts as a fundraiser to benefit the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization that supported the Union veterans of the Civil War. The colors are red, white and (originally) blue (now faded to gray-green). The fabrics used in the top are red cotton twill, white linen and the faded blue cotton twill. The batting is cotton and is of medium thickness. The quilt is machine pieced and is bound with a machine-sewn red cotton twill binding that is top-stitched. The “quilt” is not quilted, but is tied with precisely placed knots on the back every 2.75 inches. These tie threads cannot be seen on the top. The quilt is 79 inches square and consists of 36 eight inch square Ohio Star blocks pieced in red cotton twill and white linen. In each block, the stars are red and the four corner white linen squares contain the signatures. The set strips are the faded blue cotton twill. The blocks are set six across by six down, with only the center blocks (four across and four down) as signature-containing blocks. These 16 blocks contain 64 signatures. The border consists of three strips of the red, white and faded blue fabrics, with the blue inside, white linen in the middle and the red cotton twill as the outermost strip. Six signatures are on the white linen border strips. There are four corner blocks in the border which are also pieced in red, white and faded blue, and resemble the “Letter X” and “Flying X” blocks pictured in Brackman’s Encyclopedia of Pieced Blocks, numbers 1976a and 1976b. The 70 signatures on the quilt are written in black or iron oxide ink.
QUILT TOP MADE BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who made the quilt top. Names must be listed last name first, followed by first name and middle name or initials; last name should be followed by a comma and space.
Gallup, Sarah F.
CITY: Enter the name of the city where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.
COUNTY: Enter the name of the county where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.
COUNTRY: Enter the name of the country where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.
ANY ADDITIONAL STORIES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S OWNERSHIP OR HISTORY: Describe anything about the history of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.
In the mid 1970s the prize quilt was auctioned by the Skinner Auction house near Boston, Massachusetts, and was purchased by a couple who had an antique shop in Waltham, Massachusetts. It was placed in their shop to sell as a “friendship quilt”, where the current owner purchased it in 1977. More information is available in QUILT WORLD magazine, in “PIECES and PATCHES” articles written by Pat Flynn Kyser in February 1983, August 1985 and October 1985. This quilt has also been documented in the Massachusetts Quilt Documentation Project (MassQuilts) and is included in their book, MASSACHUSETTS QUILTS-OUR COMMON WEALTH (“Signature Quilt-Sarah F. Gallup Quilt”, Title page and pp281-284). Because of Pat Kyser’s articles in QUILT WORLD, I was contacted by the owners of the unfinished top and in 1983 was able to visit them in their New Hampshire home. Not only did this couple have the top that Mrs. Gallup kept, but they also owned an album she had compiled, telling the story of how and why she made the quilt. By that time, the top Mrs. Gallup had left unfinished had been quilted with muslin backing. (As best I can remember, the quilting lines were about ¼ inch inside all the seam lines) Later in the 1980s, the owners were interested in selling the quilt and album, but I don’t know if they did. Subsequently, because of a series of sad events – aging and illness
QUILTMAKER'S REASONS FOR MAKING THE QUILT: If the quilt was made for a specific purpose, choose the reason from the list. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.
NAME OF QUILT OWNER: Add name of Quilt Owner if public other.
QUILT OWNER CITY
QUILT OWNER COUNTRY: Country of current quilt owner
ANY OTHER STORIES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILTMAKER: Enter any information about the quilt maker not already entered in a previous field.
Mrs. Gallup pieced two tops. The one described here was the fundraiser prize for a bazaar at the Leominster Congregational Church. She did not finish the top she pieced for herself ; it was never tied.
DESCRIPTION OF ESSAY: Paragraph length description of the object.
This Ohio Star signature quilt, dated 1880 and 1881, was made by Sarah F. Gallup (Mrs. James B.) of Leominster, Massachusetts as a fundraiser to benefit the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization that supported the Union veterans of the Civil War. The quilt measures 79 inches square and is made up of 36 eight inch blocks of the Ohio Star pattern. These blocks are red cotton twill and white linen, with originally blue (now faded gray-green) cotton twill set strips. There are 70 inked signatures of the political, military and cultural leaders of the period. The signatures are located on the white linen corner squares of the 16 center blocks, with six of the signatures in the white linen strips in the borders.
ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT INFORMATION FOR IMAGE: Choose whether this TIF is available to use other than in this database.
Cite this Quilt
Gallup, Sarah F. Antique Ohio Star Signature Quilt. 1876-1900. From Signature Quilt Pilot Project, Signature Quilt Project Public Submission. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=2-33-5. Accessed: 06/30/22
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