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Peony; The 1840 quilt

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quilt

QUILT INDEX RECORD

15-11-1470

Where are the records for this quilt housed?

Wisconsin Quilt History Project

Who documented this quilt?

Wisconsin Museum of Quilt and Fiber Arts - Quilt Documentation

CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTIONAL INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERS: Enter the main control number for this item you are entering. For a museum, this will probably be your acquisition number. It may be the number given to the quilt by the state or county project.

A1286

AUTHOR/INTERVIEWEE: The person who brought the quilt for documentation is the source. Enter his/her name here.

Quilt owner; Other

OTHER RELATIONSHIP TO SOURCE: If you chose Other, for the relationship to the source, describe the relationship here.

There are 3 quilt makers. The owner is the great great grand daughter of one of them and the 4 times great grand daughter of another.

DATE OF DATA COLLECTION: Enter the date the state or county documentation form was filled out (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965).

08/18/2018

RELATIONSHIP OF SOURCE PERSON TO QUILT: Choose the best description of the relationship of the source to the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Quilt owner

IF SOURCE PERSON IS QUILT OWNER: If the source is the owner, choose how they came to own the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Inherited

INTERVIEWER

Adair, Sylvia

LOCATION OF DATA COLLECTION

Verlo Mattress Company, 11100 W Burliegh St., Wauwatosa, WI

TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Finished quilt

QUILT'S TITLE, IF IT HAS ONE: Enter the name given to the quilt by the maker. Many quilts have no title, but contemporary quilters often give a name to their quilts. If the quilt has no title, leave this field blank.

Peony

OWNER'S NAME FOR QUILT'S PATTERN: Enter the name given to the quilt by the owner. This can be the name the family used to refer to the quilt as it passed through different generations, e.g. "Aunt Susie's quilt" or a pattern name that the owner used.

The 1840 quilt

OVERALL WIDTH: Enter how wide the quilt is. Specify units of measure (mm or in or inches)

90 1/2 inches

OVERALL LENGTH: Enter how long the quilt is. Specify unit of measure (mm or in or inches).

98 inches

SHAPE OF EDGE: Choose the best description for the edges of the quilt.

Straight

SHAPE OF CORNERS: Choose the best description for the corners of the quilt.

Straight

PREDOMINANT COLOR(S): CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: Enter all colors that are found in the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Beige or Tan; Brown; Green; Red

QUILT-SPECIFIC COLOR(S): CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: These are color names that describe how the fabric was made, (usually a dye process) or where the fabric was manufactured. Enter all the colors that are found in the quilt.

Turkey Red

OVERALL COLOR SCHEME: Choose the best color scheme description for the quilt being documented.

Multicolor

OVERALL CONDITION: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Excellent/like new

TIME PERIOD: Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made. The date does not have to appear on the quilt to enter it in this field. This can be your best guess based on family stories or your own knowledge of quilts.

1800-1849

FAMILY/OWNER'S DATE FOR QUILT: If there are family stories that indicate a date when the quilt was made, enter that date (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965).

c. 1840

LAYOUT FORMAT: Choose the best description for the layout (or set) of the quilt.

Block pattern

NUMBER OF QUILT BLOCKS: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Some blocks are harder to count than others (e.g. Storms at Sea, Double Wedding Ring). If needed, describe how the blocks were counted or if there are half blocks/corner blocks

72

SIZE OF QUILT BLOCKS (L X W): Applies only to block pattern quilts; block patterns are by far the most common layout formats. Block patterns don't have to be square (Double Wedding Ring and Grandmother's Flower Garden are common non-square blocks).

6 1/2 x 6 1/2 inches

ARRANGEMENT OF BLOCKS: BLOCK ORIENTATION: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Choose the best description for how the quilt blocks appear in the quilt.

Straight

SPACING RELATIVE TO OTHER BLOCKS: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Choose the best description for how the quilt blocks are set together. Sashings are strips of fabric that separate the quilt blocks from one another.

Separated by pieced pattern sashing

NUMBER OF DIFFERENT BLOCK PATTERNS PRESENT: Enter the number of different block patterns used in the quilt.

1

BLOCK STYLE: USE ONLY FOR ONE-PATCH QUILTS. Some patterns use the same shape template throughout the quilt (i.e. Charm quilts, Grandmother Flower Garden, Brick wall, Lone Star). If this applies to your quilt, choose the best description.

Same block throughout

SASHING WIDTH: Sashings are strips of fabric that separate the quilt blocks from one another. Enter the width of the sashing in inches, if applicable.

3 1/2 inches

NUMBER OF BORDERS: Borders are the strips of fabric that are added after the blocks (and sashings) are put together. They appear on the outside edges of the quilt. Quilts often have multiple borders. Enter the number of borders on the quilt.

1

BORDER DESCRIPTION: Describe the style of the borders (i.e. pieced, appliquéd, stenciled) and the width of each border, from the inside to the outside.

3 1/2 inch green border on 2 sides and 3 3/4 inches on 2 sides

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fiber that are used to make the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Cotton

FABRIC TYPES IN USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fabric that are used to make the quilt top.

Broadcloth

FABRIC PATTERNS, STYLES, MOTIFS, OR PRINT CATEGORIES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of prints that are used to make the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Dotted; Floral; Print; Solid/plain; Striped

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: PIECING TECHNIQUES: Choose the piecing method used to make the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Hand Piecing

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: APPLIQUE TECHNIQUES: Choose the applique method used to construct the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if no applique appears on the quilt.

Hand Applique

UNIQUE OR OTHER CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES: Enter any unusual technique that hasn't been described in a previous field.

The stems on the flowers are hand appliqued.

CONTAINS PAPER REMAINS: This field is for quilts that have been either string pieced on a paper foundation or English template pieced. Choose yes if you can feel or see paper on the quilt that was used as a construction aid.

no

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT BACK: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt back. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Cotton

COLOR OF BACKING: Enter all colors that are found in the quilt backing. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Beige or Tan

NUMBER OF PIECES IN QUILT BACK: Enter the number of pieces of fabric used in the quilt back.

3

WIDTH OF PIECES: Enter, in inches, the width of the pieces of fabric on the back of the quilt. Do not enter if the back is an art quilt.

26 1/2, 33, 31 inches

DESCRIPTION OF BACK: Choose the best description for the back of the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Hand sewn

MATERIALS USED IN QUILT BINDING: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt binding. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Cotton

FABRIC STRUCTURE USED IN BINDING: Choose the fabric structure used to make the quilt binding. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Plain weave

UNIQUE BINDING MATERIALS (PLEASE DESCRIBE): Enter any binding materials used on the quilt that do not appear in a previous field.

white cotton

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN BINDING: Choose the construction technique used to make the quilt binding. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Hand sewn; Home cut

WIDTH OF QUILT BINDING: Choose the width (in inches) of the binding of the quilt. Measure from the front side only.

less than a half inch

IF PREVIOUSLY UNDEFINED, WHAT IS THE WIDTH OF THE QUILT BINDING: Enter the width of the quilt binding, if it is does not appear in the list provided in Field 47.

.

MATERIAL USED FOR QUILT BATTING OR FILLING: Choose the fiber content that best describes the material used to fill the quilt.

Wool

QUILTING TECHNIQUES USED: Choose the technique that best describes the way the quilt layers are held together. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Hand quilting

THREAD TYPE: Describe the fiber content or type of quilting thread used on the quilt.

cotton

THREAD COLOR: Enter the color(s) of thread used to hold the quilt layers together.

cream, brown, green

NUMBER OF QUILTING STITCHES (PLACE 1): Count only the stitches that are visible on the top and measure in one place on the quilt. Enter the measurement.

9 spi.

NUMBER OF QUILTING STITCHES (PLACE 2): Count only the stitches that are visible on the top and measure in a different place on the quilt. Enter the measurement.

8 spi.

WIDTH BETWEEN QUILTING LINES (IN INCHES): Try to determine the average distance between quilt motifs to determine how densely the quilt is quilted. Enter your estimate.

1/2 inches

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: MOTIFS/OVERALL PATTERNS: Choose the overall quilt design found on the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if none of the designs appear on the quilt.

Grid/crosshatch; Grid diamond; Outline

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: BACKGROUND FILL PATTERNS: Choose the background quilt design found on the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if none of the designs appear on the quilt.

Grid/crosshatch; Parallel lines

PLEASE DESCRIBE OTHER QUILTING DESIGNS USED: Describe any quilting designs that appear on the quilt, but were not listed in a previous field.

1/2 inch square grid and hanging diamonds in block backgrounds. 1/2 inch parallel diagonal lines in borders and lattices.

ANY OTHER FEATURES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S APPEARANCE, MATERIALS OR CONSTRUCTION: Describe anything about the physical appearance of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

6 1/2 Peony blocks set 8 x 9 with 3 inch Flying Geese lattice and half square triangle spares as cornerstones. 3 1/2 inch green border on 2 sides and 3 3/4 inches on 2 sides.

QUILT TOP MADE BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who made the quilt top. Names must be listed last name first, followed by first name and middle name or initials; last name should be followed by a comma and space.

Fawcett, Frances A.; Fawcett,Nancy; Crawford, Nancy Smith

QUILTED BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who quilted the top. Names must be listed last name first, followed by first name and middle name or initials; last name should be followed by a comma and space.

Fawcett, Frances A.; Crawford, Nancy Smith; Fawcett, Nancy

COUNTY: Enter the name of the county where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.

Rockingham County

STATE: Enter the name of the state where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.

Virginia (VA)

COUNTRY: Enter the name of the country where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.

United States

HOW WAS QUILT ACQUIRED BY OWNER: Choose the best description for how the owner acquired the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose
more than one. Skip the question if you don't know how the owner acquired the quilt.

Inheritance

OCCASION, DATE, PERSON INHERITED FROM, ETC: If the quilt was inherited, enter any information you know about the inheritance. Skip the question if the quilt was not passed on through a family.

This quilt was made by my great-great grandmother, Frances (Fannie) Fawcett (born 4 Nov. 1830 in Rockingham Co., VA; died 21 Oct. 1887 in Warm Springs, Bath Co., VA); her sister Nancy Fawcett (born 20 Nov. 1832, Rockingham Co, VA; died 21 Sept. 1862, Augusta Co., VA, never married); and their maternal grandmother Nancy Crawford (nie Smith; born about 1790, VA; died about 1860, Rockingham Co., VA). It was handed down through the family and came to me via my mother and had a note attached explaining who made it and when. Frances Fawcett was the mother of Irene Hopkins Calley, who was the mother of Francis D. Calley, the mother of the owner.

ANY ADDITIONAL STORIES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S OWNERSHIP OR HISTORY: Describe anything about the history of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

Frances and Nancy Fawcett's father, Abner Fawcett died in 1835. His extended family had moved out of the Shenandoah Valley to points west and south, so they lived with mother Jane Crawford, on her mother's (Nancy Crawford) farm. Their father's father, Joseph Fawcett, then living in St. Charles, Missouri, visited them in 1840 and brought them fabric to make a quilt. Their grandmother, Nancy Crawford, used a leather pattern to cut the fabric and the girls pieced the blocks. Frances Fawcett married first Joseph Smith, who died. They had one daughter. Then Frances married Benjamin Franklin Hopkins on 8 March 1863 and moved to his home in Augusta County. Her sister, Nancy, and mother, Jane Crawford Fawcett, lived with them. B.F. Hopkins, a doctor, served as a field surgeon for the Confederate Army during the Civil War. After the war the family relocated to Warm Springs, Bath Co. VA, where they had six children. Their daughter, Chertsey, was the first licensed female doctor in Virginia. Another daughter, Nanette, was instrumental in founding what is now Agnes Scott University in Decatur, GA, teaching and serving as dean of students for most of her adult life.

QUILTMAKER'S REASONS FOR MAKING THE QUILT: If the quilt was made for a specific purpose, choose the reason from the list. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Not described

QUILT IS PRESENTLY USED AS: Choose how the quilt is being used by the present owner. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Keepsake/memento

SOURCE OF QUILT'S MATERIALS: Choose how the quilt maker acquired the fabric for this quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Purchased new

OTHER SOURCE(S) OF QUILT'S MATERIALS: If you chose Other, please explain how the quilt maker acquired the fabric for this quilt.

a gift from a paternal great-great grandfather

OTHER TOP PATTERN SOURCE(S): If you chose Other, please explain where the pattern was found.

a leather pattern owned by the makers

OWNERSHIP OF THIS QUILT IS: Choose whether the quilt is owned by a person (private) or a museum or public collection.

Private

QUILT OWNER COUNTRY: Country of current quilt owner

United States

QUILTMAKER'S MAIDEN NAME: Enter the maiden name of the quilt maker.

(2) Fawsett, Smith

GENDER: Choose the gender of the quilt maker(s). Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Female

BIRTH DATE: Enter the birth date of the quilt maker (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965).

Frances: Oct. 21, 1887; Nancy: Sept. 21, 1862; Nancy Smith: c. 1860

DEATH DATE, IF APPLICABLE: Enter the date of death of the quilt maker (if applicable, as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965).

Frances Fawcett: 10/21/1887; Nancy Fawcett: 9/21//1862; Nancy Crawford c. 1860.

QUILTMAKER'S ETHNIC/TRIBAL BACKGROUND: Enter the ethnic background or tribal affiliation of the quilt maker.

Scotch-Irish, French

RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Enter the religious affiliation of the quilt maker.

Presbyterian

OCCUPATION: Enter the occupation of the quilt maker (if retired, former occupation).

homemaker

QUILT MAKER'S BIRTH CITY AND/OR COUNTY: Name of the city where the quilt maker was born.

Rockingham County, VA

QUILT MAKER'S BIRTH STATE: Select the state of the quilt maker's birth.

Virginia

QUILT MAKER'S COUNTRY OF BIRTH: Select the quilt maker's country of birth, if known.

United States

IN WHICH KIND OF ENVIRONMENT DID THE QUILTMAKER GROW UP?: Choose the kind of environment the quilt maker(s) are from. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Rural

COUNTY: Enter the county where the quilt maker lives/lived.

Rockingham

STATE: Enter the state where the quilt maker lives/lived.

Virginia (VA)

Enter the country where the quilt maker lives/lived.

United States

FATHER'S NAME: Enter the name of the quilt maker's father.

two sisters: Abner Fawcett; grandmother: Abraham Smith

MOTHER'S NAME: Enter the name of the quilt maker's mother.

two sisters: Jane Crawford

SPOUSE'S/SPOUSES' OCCUPATION: Enter the occupation of the quilt maker's spouse.

Hopkins, B.F.: surgeon

NUMBER OF CHILDREN: Enter the number of children of the quilt maker.

7

HOW DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT: Choose the way(s) the quilt maker learned to quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

From Relative

PHOTO CREDIT: Credit for photographer.

Schmit, Maribeth

ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT INFORMATION FOR IMAGE: Choose whether this TIF is available to use other than in this database.

Restricted

FOR HOLDER OF COPYRIGHT, CONTACT: Enter the name of the person or institution that owns the copyright to the image.

Wisconsin Museum of Quilts & Fiber Arts

Details

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Cite this Quilt

Fawcett, Frances A.; Fawcett,Nancy; Crawford, Nancy Smit. Peony. 1800-1849. From Wisconsin Quilt History Project, Wisconsin Museum of Quilt and Fiber Arts - Quilt Documentation. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=15-11-1470. Accessed: 06/30/22