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Baltimore Album, Jackson Quilt

CITE THIS QUILT

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quilt

Cite this Quilt

Baltimore Album. ca. 1850. From DAR Museum, DAR Museum; Permanent Collection. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=16-12-268. Accessed: 05/15/21

QUILT INDEX RECORD

16-12-268

Where are the records for this quilt housed?

DAR Museum

Name of the museum who collected this information.

DAR Museum; Permanent Collection

CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTIONAL INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERS: Enter the number given the quilt by the state or county project where the quilt was documented.

87.68

TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Finished quilt

QUILT'S TITLE, IF IT HAS ONE: Enter the name given to the quilt by the maker. Many quilts have no title, but contemporary quilters often give a name to their quilts. If the quilt has no title, leave this field blank.

Baltimore Album

ALTERNATE NAME(S) FOR QUILT'S PATTERN IN COMMON USE: This is the name of the quilt pattern that it is commonly used among quilt makers and historians. It may be different in different regions of the country.

Jackson Quilt

OVERALL WIDTH: Enter, in inches, how wide the quilt is.

95 inches

OVERALL LENGTH: Enter, in inches, how long the quilt is.

97 3/4 inches

SHAPE OF EDGE: Choose the best description for the edges of the quilt.

Straight

PREDOMINANT COLOR(S): CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: Enter all colors that are found in the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Red, Green, White

OVERALL COLOR SCHEME: Choose the best color scheme description for the quilt being documented.

Multicolor

OVERALL CONDITION: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Good/moderate use

COMMENTS OR NOTES ON QUILT'S CONDITION OR REPAIR HISTORY: Some quilts have had extensive or unusual repair work done. Please use this field to describe anything that didn't fit in the previous fields.

Inked inscriptions faded and blurred

TYPE(S) OF INSCRIPTION: Choose all the options that are found on the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Date, Message, Initials, Place, Multiple Names

CONTENT OF INSCRIPTION(S): Enter the exact inscription here, including dates in the same form in which they appear on the quilt. Do not correct any spellings. If you are unsure of a letter or name, place a (?) to indicate uncertainty.

A3 William Heckrote If not for fair woman's eye, this gift would useless be, No quilting needed but the sky, Nor shade of Eden's tree. A4 L.N. Benson B4 C.C. B5 A.E.J C3 Andrew Jackson Heart Victory At New Orleans January 8th 1815 The blessings of government, like the dews of heaven, should be equally dispersed on the rich and the poor A.J.W. Jackson D1 Kezia Spencer D3 A. Carson D4 M.J.C. D5 G.W.J. E4 Unreadable poem and D. Euler or Ehlers

DATE OF INSCRIPTION: Enter the date found on the quilt. If there is more than one date, enter others in field 20 (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965)

1815

METHOD OF INSCRIPTION: Choose the method used to inscribe the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Embroidery, Ink

LOCATION OF INSCRIPTION: Enter where the inscription was found on the quilt.

on block

TIME PERIOD: Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made. The date does not have to appear on the quilt to enter it in this field. This can be your best guess based on family stories or your own knowledge of quilts.

1850-1875

DATE FINISHED: Enter the date the quilt was finished (as mm-dd-yyyy or c.yyyy, e.g. c.1965). Leave blank if you don't know.

ca. 1850

LAYOUT FORMAT: Choose the best description for the layout (or set) of the quilt.

Block pattern

SUBJECT OF QUILT, IF IT HAS ONE: Some quilts are made with a specific intent (e.g. Commemoration of September 11, the 100th anniversary of a town, or an AIDS panel). Enter the subject of the quilt. If there is no subject, leave the field blank.

Battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson

NUMBER OF QUILT BLOCKS: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Some blocks are harder to count than others (e.g. Storms at Sea, Double Wedding Ring). If needed, describe how the blocks were counted or if there are half blocks/corner blocks

25

SIZE OF QUILT BLOCKS (L X W): Applies only to block pattern quilts; block patterns are by far the most common layout formats. Block patterns don't have to be square (Double Wedding Ring and Grandmother's Flower Garden are common non-square blocks).

16 x16

ARRANGEMENT OF QUILT BLOCKS: BLOCK ORIENTATION: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Choose the best description for how the quilt blocks appear in the quilt.

Straight

SPACING RELATIVE TO OTHER BLOCKS: This field only applies to quilts with a block format. Choose the best description for how the quilt blocks are set together. Sashings are strips of fabric that separate the quilt blocks from one another.

Side by side

NUMBER OF DIFFERENT BLOCK PATTERNS PRESENT: Enter the number of different block patterns used in the quilt.

25

BLOCK STYLE: Some patterns use the same shape template throughout the quilt (i.e. Charm quilts, Grandmother Flower Garden, Brick wall, Lone Star). If this applies to your quilt, choose the best description.

Squares

NUMBER OF BORDERS: Borders are the strips of fabric that are added after the blocks (and sashings) are put together. They appear on the outside edges of the quilt. Quilts often have multiple borders. Enter the number of borders on the quilt.

1

BORDER DESCRIPTION: Describe the style of the borders (i.e. pieced, appliquéd, stenciled) and the width of each border, from the inside to the outside.

Appliqued vine with leaves and flowers around outer edge, 7 1/2 inches wide.

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fiber that are used to make the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Cotton

FABRIC PATTERNS, STYLES, MOTIFS, OR PRINT CATEGORIES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of prints that are used to make the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Print, Solid/plain

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: PIECING TECHNIQUES: Choose the piecing method used to make the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if no piecing appears on the quilt.

Hand Piecing

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: APPLIQUE TECHNIQUES: Choose the applique method used to construct the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if no applique appears on the quilt.

Hand Applique

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: NOVELTY TECHNIQUES: Choose the novelty method used to make the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if no novelty technique appears on the quilt.

Dimensional applique

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: EMBELLISHMENT TECHNIQUES: Choose the embellishment technique used to make the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. If your answer in Field 38f was no, skip this question.

Embroidery, Ink drawing

EMBELLISHMENT MATERIALS USED IN TOP: Choose the embellishment material used to make the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. If your answer in Field 38f was no, skip this question.

Metallic thread

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT BACK: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt back. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Cotton

COLOR OF BACKING: Enter all colors that are found in the quilt backing. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

White

NUMBER OF PIECES IN QUILT BACK: Enter the number of pieces of fabric used in the quilt back.

3

WIDTH OF PIECES: Enter, in inches, the width of the pieces of fabric on the back of the quilt. Do not enter if the back is an art quilt.

26 1/2, 35 1/2, 35

DESCRIPTION OF BACK: Choose the best description for the back of the quilt. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Same fabric used throughout

MATERIALS USED IN QUILT BINDING: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt binding. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Cotton

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN BINDING: Choose the construction technique used to make the quilt binding. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Front turned to back

WIDTH OF QUILT BINDING: Choose the width (in inches) of the binding of the quilt. Measure from the front side only.

less than a half inch

MATERIAL USED FOR QUILT BATTING OR FILLING: Choose the fiber content that best describes the material used to fill the quilt.

Cotton

BATTING LOFT: Choose the thickness of the quilt filling that best describes the quilt.

Thin (Less than 3/16?)

QUILTING TECHNIQUES USED: Choose the technique that best describes the way the quilt layers are held together. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Hand quilting

THREAD TYPE: Describe the fiber content or type of quilting thread used on the quilt.

cotton

THREAD COLOR: Enter the color(s) of thread used to hold the quilt layers together.

white

NUMBER OF QUILTING STITCHES PER INCH (PLACE 1): Count only the stitches that are visible on the top and measure in one place on the quilt. Enter the measurement.

12

NUMBER OF QUILTING STITCHES PER INCH (PLACE 2): Count only the stitches that are visible on the top and measure in a different place on the quilt. Enter the measurement.

16

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: MOTIFS/OVERALL PATTERNS: Choose the overall quilt design found on the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if none of the designs appear on the quilt.

Outline, Single parallel lines

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: DECORATIVE PATTERNS: Choose the decorative quilt design found on the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if none of the designs appear on the quilt.

Other

QUILTING DESIGNS USED: BACKGROUND FILL PATTERNS: Choose the background quilt design found on the quilt top. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one. Skip the question if none of the designs appear on the quilt.

Parallel lines

PLEASE DESCRIBE OTHER QUILTING DESIGNS USED: Describe any quilting designs that appear on the quilt, but were not listed in a previous field.

hearts

CITY: Enter the name of the city where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.

Baltimore

STATE: Enter the name of the state where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.

Maryland (MD)

COUNTRY: Enter the name of the country where the quilt was made. Skip the question if you don't know where the quilt was made.

USA

ANY ADDITIONAL STORIES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S OWNERSHIP OF HISTORY: Describe anything about the history of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

The quilt commemorates Andrew Jackson's victory in New Orleans in 1815. Using ink and cross stitch inscriptions in the center block read: "Andrew Jackson's Heart, Victory at N.O. January 8, 1815, The Blessings of Government, like the dews of Heaven, should be equally dispersed on the rich and poor A.J.W. Jackson" Passed down in the Diffenderfer family, the quilt was originally owned by Betsy and William Harper. Family information dated the quilt 1815 from the inscription and believed the quilt was made in Lynchburg,Virginia. Research has shown that William Harper was from Lynchburg, but Betsy was a Baltimore native and the couple was living in Baltimore when the quilt was made, after Andrew Jackson's death in 1845. Neither of the Harper's names appear on the quilt. A.I. [or J.] W. Jackson [no known blood relation to President Andrew Jackson] and William Heckrote [whose name appears on Block A3] were prominent citizens of mid 19th century Baltimore. Other names on the quilt help narrow its date of creation. Ann Carson [Block D3] married Lloyd Benson [Block A4] on May 20. 1847. Kezia Spencer, nee Switzer [Block D1] married her second husband William O'Neal on June 4, 1848. Since both women use their maiden names on their blocks the quilt predates their marriages. Betsy and William Harper married on Oct. 26, 1848. They had no surviving children and the quilt was given to nephew James Diffenderfer. The initials C.C. on blocks B4 are probably for Ann Carson's mother, Coralee. A.E.J. [Block B5} is possibly A.I.W Jackson's daughter, Amanda. All named were members of the Baltimore Methodist Church. Described in Dunton, "Old Quilts"

QUILTMAKER'S REASONS FOR MAKING THE QUILT: If the quilt was made for a specific purpose, choose the reason from the list. Use ctrl + click to choose more than one.

Memorial

EXHIBITIONS (LIST ALL): List all known exhibits where this quilt has been displayed including: Title, Location, Dates, Venue of Exhibit and Catalog Title or publications, if applicable. Use this field for all information.

Quilts from a Young Country, Houston International Quilt Festival, 2008, Houston TX. Eye on Elegance: Early Quilts of Maryland and Virginia DAR Museum Washington, D.C. Oct. 3, 2014 – Sept. 5. 2015

OWNERSHIP OF THIS QUILT IS: Choose whether the quilt is owned by a person (private) or a museum or public collection.

Public-Other

NAME OF QUILT OWNER: Add name of Quilt Owner if public other.

DAR Museum

QUILT OWNER CITY

Washington, DC

QUILT OWNER STATE: State of current quilt owner.

Washington D.C.

QUILT OWNER COUNTRY: Country of current quilt owner

USA

ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT INFORMATION FOR IMAGE: Choose whether this TIF is available to use other than in this database.

Restricted

FOR HOLDER OF COPYRIGHT, CONTACT: Enter the name of the person or institution that owns the copyright to the image.

DAR Museum

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