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Indians #7; Indians (Hungarian Relatives); Indian Boys, Seven Little Indians

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QUILT INDEX RECORD

18-14-13

DESCRIPTION:

This is the Indians quilt Gasperik sent to Hungarian relatives (of her mother-in-law, Elizabeth Hajdu). It is the only quilt she sent to Hungary. She maintained an active correspondence which included news about her quilts as well as family news. Mary's husband Stephen owned a grocery store and the couple sent many food parcels to Hungary in the aftermath of the war. In 1992, when Susan first met them, those Hajdu relatives STILL recalled that generosity and its importance in their war-torn lives. When she saw the carefully saved letters and photographs Susan realized, for the first time, that her grandmother shared more of her thoughts about her American life with her husband's relatives, living thousands of miles away, than she did with her own daughter and grandchildren living close by in Chicago.

ESSAY:

This quilt was sent to Hungary just after the end of WWII, in a period when Stephen and Mary Gasperik were sending many, many CARE packages to Hungarian relatives. The quilt was sent to Pityu Hajdu for his children. He had four sons, and the occasion for sending the quilt was when the fourth son developed rickets. Pityu was the young cousin who courted Elsie Gasperik when she won a student fellowship to Hungary in 1932. She used that occasion to meet her father's relatives, in Budapest and in Oroshaza (in southern Hungary, near the city of Szeged), where they had a farm and summer home. The Hajdu family (Stephen Gasperik's mother was a Hajdu) were a distinguished, well-educated, land-owning family with a history in Oroshaza going back many generations. Pityu became Elsie’s devoted escort during that 9-month period. When Susan Salser's husband was invited to a scientific conference in Szeged in October 1992, Susan went along. This was HER first chance to meet the Hajdu relatives, see the ancestral home in Oroshaza with its wall of distinguished Hajdu family portraits, and ask what these relatives knew about Mary Gasperik and her quilts. The answer was that Mary had maintained a vigorous correspondence with several of them. She sent news of her family in Chicago. She sent photographs of family AND quilts. And she shared, in these letters, her pride in her quilts and the prizes they were winning. In a letter Susan received after returning home, her host and his sister (two of the relatives Elsie had met when they were children in 1932!) wondered if she had considered the possibility that Mary Gasperik's quilt collection belongs in Hungary, not the United States! These relatives are very proud of her quilts, and not at all surprised that a Hungarian woman could do such fine needlework. They feel Mary's quilts ARE Hungarian (although Susan believes they have seen pictures of only a few of them). During her 1992 visit, Susan learned that Mary Gasperik might have sent a quilt to Pityu's four boys. She confirmed this later by mail and Attila (one of those boys and the current keeper of that quilt) kindly sent photographs of that much worn and loved Indians quilt. That is the only quilt Mary sent to Hungary.

Where are the records for this quilt housed?

Mary Gasperik Legacy Project

Who documented this quilt?

Mary Gasperik Private Collection

CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTIONAL INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERS: Enter the main control number for this item you are entering.

076

TYPE OF QUILT OBJECT: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Finished quilt

QUILT'S TITLE, IF IT HAS ONE: Many quilts have no title, but contemporary quilters often give a name to their quilts.

Indians #7

OWNER'S NAME FOR QUILT'S PATTERN: Enter the name given to the quilt by the owner. This can be the name the family used to refer to the quilt as it passed through different generations, e.g. "Aunt Susie's quilt" or a pattern name that the owner used.

Indians (Hungarian Relatives)

ALTERNATE NAME(S) FOR QUILT'S PATTERN IN COMMON USE: This is the name of the quilt pattern that it is commonly used among quilt makers and historians. It may be different in different regions of the country.

Indian Boys, Seven Little Indians

SHAPE OF EDGE: Choose the best description for the edges of the quilt.

Straight

SHAPE OF CORNERS: Choose the best description for the corners of the quilt.

Straight

PREDOMINANT COLOR(S): Enter all colors that are found in the quilt.

Brown; Green; Lavender; Orange; Pink; Rust; White; Yellow

OVERALL COLOR SCHEME: Choose the best color scheme description for the quilt being documented.

Multicolor; Bright or primary colors

OVERALL CONDITION: Choose the best description for the quilt being documented.

Fair/worn

DAMAGE TO QUILT: Use this field to describe specific damage to the quilt.

Disintegration of fabric

OTHER DAMAGE TO QUILT: If you chose Other, please describe the damage.

It is difficult to tell, from the Hungarian photograph, exactly how damaged this quilt is. It was much used and loved by 4 little boys!

TIME PERIOD: Choose the time frame that best describes when the quilt was made. The date does not have to appear on the quilt to enter it in this field. This can be your best guess based on family stories or your own knowledge of quilts.

1930-1949

DATE FINISHED: Enter the date the quilt was finished.

1940s

OTHER DATE ESTIMATION BY WHOM: Enter the name and/or title of the person who estimated the quilt's date for field 23d.

Merikay Waldvogel

FURTHER INFORMATION CONCERNING DATE(S): If you know anything else about the date the quilt was made, please tell the story.

This may be the first Indians quilt Gasperik made (as a trial or study), or it could be the fourth, but it was surely made in the 1940s, before the 3 quilts made for the Gasperik grandsons (#019, #022 and #077).

LAYOUT FORMAT: Choose the best description for the layout (or set) of the quilt.

Medallion or framed center

SUBJECT OF QUILT, IF IT HAS ONE: Some quilts are made with a specific intent (e.g. Commemoration of September 11, the 100th anniversary of a town, or an AIDS panel). Enter the subject of the quilt.

Indian Boys At Play

NUMBER OF BORDERS: Borders are the strips of fabric that are added after the blocks (and sashings) are put together. They appear on the outside edges of the quilt. Quilts often have multiple borders. Enter the number of borders on the quilt.

One

BORDER DESCRIPTION: Describe the style of the borders (i.e. pieced, appliqued, stenciled) and the width of each border, from the inside to the outside.

Wide (now faded) gold border.

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of fiber that are used to make the quilt top.

Cotton

FABRIC PATTERNS, STYLES, MOTIFS, OR PRINT CATEGORIES USED IN QUILT TOP: Choose all the types of prints that are used to make the quilt top.

Print; Solid/plain

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: APPLIQUE TECHNIQUES: Choose the applique method used to construct the quilt.

Hand Applique

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USED IN QUILT TOP: EMBELLISHMENT TECHNIQUES: Choose the embellishment technique used to make the quilt.

Embroidery

FABRIC FIBER TYPES USED IN QUILT BACK: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt back.

Cotton

MATERIALS USED IN QUILT BINDING: Choose the fiber type used to make the quilt binding.

Cotton

MATERIAL USED FOR QUILT BATTING OR FILLING: Choose the fiber content that best describes the material used to fill the quilt.

Cotton

QUILTING TECHNIQUES USED: Choose the technique that best describes the way the quilt layers are held together.

Hand quilting

PLEASE DESCRIBE OTHER QUILTING DESIGNS USED: Describe any other quilting designs that appear on the quilt.

It is impossible to see the quiltING in the photographs sent from Hungary.

ANY OTHER FEATURES OR NOTES ABOUT THE QUILT'S APPEARANCE, MATERIALS, OR CONSTRUCTION: Describe anything about the physical appearance of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

Because the rust-colored tent on this quilt appears to be made more crudely than that same applique unit on all the other Gasperik Indians quilts, Salser wonders if this was a trial study which Gasperik turned into a gift for the Hungarian boys. The door flaps on this tent are very ambiguously made. Embroidery stitches indicate the flaps are open. But Gasperik failed to cut out and stitch down the edges of the triangular opening. If she was working from an illustration in a book, that might explain Gasperik's difficulty in translating the picture into an applique. This is the only Indians quilt on which the doors aren't appliqued open. That is why Salser suspects it might not have been made close to when it was sent to Hungary (~1946) but rather before she solved her tent problem in making the quilts for the three Krueger grand-daughters, which were probably made in 1944. The quilts made for the three Gasperik grandsons were certainly made after this quilt. It isn't clear (to Susan) if this is Indians No. 1 or Indians No. 4.

QUILT TOP MADE BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who made the quilt top.

Gasperik, Mary

QUILTED BY: Enter the name of the person(s) who quilted the top.

Gasperik, Mary

CITY: Enter the name of the city where the quilt was made.

Chicago

COUNTY: Enter the name of the county where the quilt was made.

Cook County

STATE: Enter the name of the state where the quilt was made.

Illinois (IL)

COUNTRY: Enter the name of the country where the quilt was made.

United States

HOW WAS QUILT ACQUIRED BY OWNER: Choose the best description for how the owner acquired the quilt.

Gift

QUILTMAKER'S REASONS FOR MAKING THE QUILT: If the quilt was made for a specific purpose, choose the reason from the list.

Gift or presentation

PLEASE EXPLAIN OTHER OCCASION, IF APPLICABLE: If you chose Other, please explain the occasion.

Presented to a grandchild.

QUILT WAS ORIGINALLY DESIGNED TO BE USED AS: Choose how the quilt was originally used.

Bedding, special occasion

QUILT IS PRESENTLY USED AS: Choose how the quilt is being used by the present owner.

Unknown

OTHER PRESENT USE(S) OF QUILT: If you chose Other, please explain the quilt's present use.

Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

SOURCE OF QUILT'S MATERIALS: Choose how the quilt maker acquired the fabric for this quilt.

Purchased new

QUILT TOP PATTERN SOURCE: Choose where the quilt maker found the pattern for this quilt.

Unknown

QUILTING DESIGN PATTERN SOURCE: Choose where the quilt maker found the pattern for the quilting design used in this quilt.

Unknown

ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES OR STORIES ABOUT THE QUILT'S DESIGN OR MATERIALS SOURCE: Describe anything about the design of the quilt that wasn't already recorded in a previous field.

It isn't known if the Indians quilts are based on a kit or commercial pattern; or if Gasperik created her patterns from another source, for instance a children's book. She used the same set of fabrics to make, over a decade time-span, 7 quilts.

OTHER RELATED ITEMS: List other materials that exist about this quilt like oral histories, wills, diaries, or patterns.

Photographs taken of the quilt by Attila Hajdu sent to Susan Salser in 1993, with accompanying note. Photographs taken by Susan Salser of Hungarian textiles and embroidery in the Kecskemet Museum of Hungarian Popular Arts and Crafts during her 1992 trip. Kecskemet museum catalog.

In an e-mail to Susan Salser (January 11, 2009) Elmer and Doris Gasperik’s daughter Kathy Jacob described to Susan her parents’ support of Mary Gasperik’s quilting and the appreciation for the quilts which they instilled in her. She wrote: “I know that my Mother took great care of our quilts. Dedicated to them as if her own mother had made them. It is from my mother that I learned to lovingly care for the quilts and appreciate the work that grandma had done. And I was told that my father made her the very quilting frame that she used to create these wonderful quilts. I was also told he would buy her batting and once a children’s book for the pictures perhaps for reference.” A children’s book illustration is possibly the genesis of this Gasperik quilt design.

AVAILABLE SOURCES FOR QUILTMAKER: List other source materials about this quiltmaker such as photos, oral histories, book or newspaper publications, fame for some other reason or event.

Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair, (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993)102-103.

Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True", Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

OWNERSHIP OF THIS QUILT IS:

Private

NAME OF QUILT OWNER:

Attila Hajdu

QUILT OWNER'S CITY:

Budapest

QUILT OWNER'S COUNTY:

Hungary

QUILT OWNER'S COUNTRY:

Hungary

AUTHOR/INTERVIEWEE'S RELATION TO THE QUILT:

Author/researcher; Blood relative of quiltmaker

OTHER RELATIONSHIP TO SOURCE: If you chose Other, for the relationship to the source, describe the relationship here.

Grand-daughter

OTHER INFORMATION ON SOURCE PERSON TO QUILT:

Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

QUILTMAKER'S MAIDEN NAME:

Mihalovits, Maria

QUILTMAKER'S GENDER:

Female

QUILTMAKER'S BIRTH DATE:

01/25/1888

DEATH DATE OF THE QUILTMAKER, IF APPLICABLE:

05/25/1969

QUILTMAKER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

QUILTMAKER'S EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

Elementary School

QUILTMAKER'S COUNTRY OF BIRTH:

Hungary

IN WHICH KIND OF ENVIRONMENT DID THE QUILTMAKER GROW UP?

Rural

CITY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Chicago

COUNTY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Cook

STATE WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

Illinois (IL)

COUNTRY WHERE THE QUILTMAKER LIVES/LIVED:

United States

QUILTMAKER'S FATHER'S NAME:

Mihalovits, Istvan

FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE:

Hungary

FATHER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

QUILTMAKER'S MOTHER'S NAME:

Mihalovits, Vidoszava

MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE:

Hungary

MOTHER'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian

SPOUSE'S ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

Hungarian. Stephen Gasperik's mother was Elizabeth Hajdu from Oroshaza, Hungary.

SPOUSE'S OCCUPATION:

Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher

NUMBER OF CHILDREN:

3

NUMBER OF FEMALE CHILDREN:

1 (Elsie 1909-1988)

NUMBER OF MALE CHILDREN:

2 (Elmer and Stephen)

HOW DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT?

From guild or club member; Self-Taught

WHEN DID THE QUILTMAKER LEARN TO QUILT?

Age 40-49

WHY DOES/DID THE QUILTMAKER QUILT:

Pleasure; Other

OTHER, WHY THE QUILTMAKER QUILTS:

Mary Gasperik made quilts because it was her life passion and greatest talent. As opportunities arose, she entered contests and exhibited them publicly. She also made special quilts for her family.

NAME OF QUILTING GROUP: If the quilt maker belonged to a group, enter the name of the group.

Tuley Park Quilt Club and Detroit News Quilt Club

LOCATION OF GROUP:

Chicago, IL and Detroit, MI

SPECIALIZED ACTIVITIES/EVENTS OF QUILTING GROUP: Enter activities the group participated in.

Chicago group met to quilt and held periodic quilt shows; Detroit group held national exhibits and contests.

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF QUILTS MADE BY THIS QUILTER:

more than 50

DID THE QUILTMAKER SELL QUILTS?

no

DOES/DID QUILTMAKER TEACH QUILTING: Is the quilt maker also a quilt teacher?

no

PHOTO CREDIT:

Hajdu Attila

ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT IS:

Restricted

HOLDER OF COPYRIGHT:

Susan Salser

Details

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Cite this Quilt

Gasperik, Mar. Indians #7. 1940s. From Mary Gasperik Legacy Project, Mary Gasperik Private Collection. Published in The Quilt Index, https://quiltindex.org/view/?type=fullrec&kid=18-14-13. Accessed: 05/20/22

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